Wed , Jun 06, 2017
Ending the travelling exhibition titled “From River Source to Sea: Vestiges of Champa Culture in the Quang Region” to the venues in the region of Quang Nam, and exhibiting continuously to other venues in the region of Da Nang City
Saturday, 09/05/2015 - 04:59 AM
The exhibition to three venues - Lady Thu Bon mausoleum, Lady Phuong Chao mausoleum and My Son village during the time from March 30th to May, 2nd 2015 had received the supports from the local communities and authorities, also left ...
INDIAN EXPERTS HAD A WORKING VISIT TO THE MY SON SANCTUARY
Friday, 08/05/2015 - 01:13 PM
In the cultural cooperation program between Viet Nam and India, on the morning of April 16th, 2015, Indian experts, included Dr. Rakesh Tewari – Director General of The Archeological Survey of India, Mr. Janhwij Sharma – Director of Conservation of ...
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Cultural history

     In the 4th century, in Bhadravaman dynasty, My Son valley (now Duy Phu, Duy Xuyen, Quang Nam) was chosen as the holy city - an important religious and belief center of of Champa kingdom. This valley is about 2 km in diameter, surrounded by high mountains including sacred mountains Mahaparvata or Siva to the south. Mount Kucaka is in the west and Mount Subala is in the East. The stream originated from the holy mountain flow north to join Thu Bon River which is Mahanadi in Sanskrit or the goddess Ganga - wife of Siva.
     The location of the valley is to the west of Biblical Simhapura (Tra Kieu) - the center of power, Dai Chiem (Hoi An) sea estuary - Cu Lao Cham commercial center to the east. The complex of sacred land, sacred mountain, sacred city, sacred estuary is an important complex in the formation and development of My Son as well as of Amaravati states (Quang Nam region today).
 
13th century epitaph
     Cultural exchanges, the Indian civilization adoption, including religious beliefs. Hiuduism gradually strenthened the role in Cham Pa society, influencing all aspects of socio-political life. My Son became the very religious center of the ancient Cham kingdom.
     My Son is the place to build temples, perform rituals and worship, the place confirm with the spirit of the reign of the Cham kings, the place where temples were erected to commemorate the victory and the great conquests, as well as where the king after death, the soul together with the turn of the Hindu gods, especially Siva (omnipotence) that is considered to be the founder of the kingdom of Champa.
 
Linga - Yoni
     The belief of Siva - creator and destruction of Hinduism was then merged with the king to worship at My Son. The first templ built of wood, worship - King Bhadresvara was a combination in the form of this (combined god Isvara name - that Shiva - with King Bhadravarman name) god was worshiped as a symbol of the gas. This linga church is the oldest expression of the combination of ruling and theocratic power in Southeast Asia.

     More than two centuries later, in the middle of the years 529-577, the temple unfortunately destroyed by fire.
         
       Writing, architecture remaining in the seventh century shows that in 7th century in My Son, King Sambhuvarman restored the first temple and the official name of Champa appeared in the ancestral tablet of King Sambhuvarman. From then on, after coming to throne, Cham Pa kings all built new towers in My Son or renovated the old temples which is massively damaged by time and wars. Thus, My Son has grown into a holy land of the kingdom.
       In 653, King Prakasadharma built several temples at My Son, and is dedicated a great deal of land, wealth to god Srisambhubhadresvara. He was the founder of  god Kuvera (Fortune) temples at My Son.
      The period from the year 749 to the year 875 saw a political shift as the reign of the kingdom was taken by the clan of Cau (Kramukavamsa) in the south. Viraphura (majestic city) was chosen as the capital. A new sanctuary was set up - Po Nagar in Kauthara area of the (Nha Trang) goddess mother of the kingdom. Sanctuary Srisambhubhadresvara (My Son) received less attention.
      In the end of the 9th century, Buddhism developed rapidly and played a dramatic role in the Cham dynasty, becoming the state religion. King Indravarman II designate the capital in Quang Nam - Indrapura (Thunder City), and built Vihara (Buddhist Institute) in Dong Duong (Tra Kieu), which was 20 km to the south. This is the third major holy places of the kingdom of Champa.
      In the early 10th century, Siva religion was revived, in the dynasty where Buddhist was losing the role. My Son Sanctuary was restored. The renovated old temples, a series of new church renewed My Son. This is the stage of continuous development of architectual structures.
 

Buu Chau Hill (Tra Kieu) - Mark of the city Simhapura
 
      But the wars in the 11th century between Champa and the neighbour country ravaged the kingdom of Champa and the tower-temples in My Son. Ancient inscription recorded: "The enemy has invaded and dominated the country ... and destroyed the cities of the kingdom, robbed the temple Sriranabhadresvara which resulted in the abandonment of the temple... He (ie King Haivarman, who reigned from 1074 to about 1081) defeated the enemy and restored temple Sriranabhadresvara...". Another inscription detailed: "The king amended the stupas, temples and other places of worship for the worship Sriranabhadresvara and make them absolutely beautiful ..."
      The subsequent kings (Paramabodhisattva and Giaya Indravarman II) only offered wealth and dedicating objects. King Harivarman V and Giaya Indravarman III built a few small temples more in My Son. By the year 1149, Giaya Harivarman I became king and appointed the new capital in Vijaya (Ban, Binh Dinh) but he still renovatedof the churchs and set up two large temples in My Son. Kings Indravarman IV did not built many but gave makeup gold silver plated on the roof of the towers. The amount of  precious metals used was up to 1470 kg (J. Boisselier: 1963)
      In 1234, King Sri Jaya Paramesvaravaman II was the last king to restore My Son. Since then, the following documents on My Son did not mention anymore.
      From Simhapura, or busy ports Dai Chiem, many items such as gold, incense, ivory, pepper ... the valuable products exchanged made up the trade route between Champa and outside, between the mountains and lowland areas, and the crossroads of different cultures enriching national quintessence.

 
Maritime trade route between Champa with the National Middle Neck

      Stretching nearly ten centuries,with  the establishment history and many changes associated with the development of the kingdom of Champa, along with the combination of region, area connection, the number of towers built gradually grew and My Son became the place marking the brilliant special development of the art of Champa. Many style Cham architecture was confirmed and developed in this relic.
      As a religious center of the ancient kingdom of Cham Pa, My Son had an important spiritual place in the community being mental support of the ancient Cham people. My son is a unique work of art which has been valuable up to now. Every brick, every corners of the towers definitely held distinctive historical and cultural values of the wonders created by human physical strength.


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